初级第一课


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Pronunciation notes: 1. Tone sandhi: When two third tones are spoken in succession, like Nĭ hăo, the first third tone becomes second tone. This tone change is known as sandhi in linguistics. Sandhi is practiced only when you try to pronounce it. If you want to write it down in Pinyin, the tone mark is not changed. Speech Patterns: 1. Contrastive sentences with stative verbs: 1. 哥哥好,弟弟不好。 2. 你忙,他不忙。 3. 哥哥忙,弟弟忙,我不忙。 4. 你好,他们不好 。 5. 我们忙,你们不忙。 1. Gēge hăo, dìdi bù hăo. 2. Nĭ máng, tā bù máng. 3. Gēge máng, dìdi máng, wŏ bù máng. 4. Nĭ hăo, tāmen bù hăo. 5. Wŏmen máng, nĭmen bù máng. 1. The older brother is good, but the younger brother is not. 2. You are busy, but he is not. 3. The older brother is busy, the younger brother is busy, but I am not. 4. You are nice, but they are not. 5. We are busy, but you are not. 2. Stative verbs with adverbial modifier: 1. 他哥哥很好。他也很好。 2. 他不忙,我们也都不忙。 3. 我们不都很忙,我忙,他不忙 。 4. 哥哥,弟弟都好,他们也都很忙。 5. 他们都不很忙,我们不都很忙。 1. Tā gēge hĕn hăo. Tā yĕ hĕn hăo. 2. Tā bù máng. Wŏmen yĕ dōu bù máng. 3. Wŏmen bù dōu hĕn máng. Wŏ máng, tā bù máng. 4. Gēge, dìdi dōu hăo, Tāmen yĕ dōu hĕn máng. 5. Tāmen dōu bù hĕn máng. Wŏmen bù dōu hĕn máng. 1. His older brother is nice, so is he. 2. He is not busy. None of us is busy, either. 3. Not all of us are busy. I’m busy, but he is not. 4. Both older and younger brother are good. They are also very busy. 5. All of them are not very busy. Not all of us are very busy. 3. Questions and answers: 1. 你们都好吗?我们都好。你呢?我也很好。 2. 你哥哥忙吗?忙。我也很忙。你呢?我不很忙。 3. 你们都不很忙吗?我不很忙,他很忙。 4. 你弟弟不好,你哥哥呢?我哥哥很好。 5. 他们都很好,你也很好吗?我也好,你呢? 1. Nĭmen dōu hăo ma? Wŏmen dōu hăo. Nĭ ne? Wŏ yĕ hĕn hăo. 2. Nĭ gēge máng ma? Máng. Wŏ yĕ hĕn máng. Nĭ ne? Wŏ bù hĕn máng. 3. Nĭmen dōu bù hĕn máng ma? Wŏ bù hĕn máng. Tā hĕn máng. 4. Nĭ dìdi bù hăo, ni gēge ne? Wŏ gēge hĕn hăo. 5. Tāmen dōu hĕn hăo. Nĭ yĕ hĕn hăo ma? Wŏ yĕ hăo. Nĭ ne? 1. Are both of you fine? We are both fine. And you? I’m also fine. 2. Is your older brother busy? Yes. I’m busy, too. What about you? I am not. 3. Are both of you not very busy? I’m not, but he is very busy. 4. Your younger brother is not nice. What about your older brother? My older brother is very nice. 5. All of them are very well. Are you also very well? I’m fine. And you?

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