初级第四课

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Pronunciation notes: 1. Rules for the change of tones for 不: “不”(bu) is pronounced with the 4th tone“b”, when it is followed by 1st, 2nd and 3rd tones. For example: bù hăo bù máng bù gān (not dry) When “不”(bu)is followed by a 4th tone, it changes into 2nd tone. For example: Bú shì bú duì (not correct) bú chàng (not sing) Note that when“bu”changes its tone, the tone mark should reflect the change. Speech Patterns: 1. The structural particle 的: 1. 我爸爸的车很好。 2. 那是你朋友吗?不是。她是我弟弟的朋友。 3. 好大夫很忙。不忙的大夫不好。 4. 那是好书。这不是。这是你的书吗? 5. 我妈妈的车很好。你妈妈是大夫。大夫的车都是好车。 1. Wŏ bàba de chē hĕn hăo. 2. Nà shì nĭ péngyou ma? Búshì. Tā shì wŏ dìdi de péngyou. 3. Hăo dàifu hĕn máng. Bù máng de dàifu bù hăo. 4. Nà shì hăo shū. Zhè bú shì. Zhè shì nĭ de shū ma? 5. Wŏ māma de chē hĕn hăo. Nĭ māma shì dàifu. Dàifu de chē dōu shì Hăo chē . 1. My dad’s car is good. 2. Is that your friend? No. She is my younger brother’s friend. 3. Good Doctors are busy. The not-busy doctors (the doctors who are not busy) are not good. 4. That is a good book. This is not. Is this your book? 5. My mom’s car is good. Your mom is a doctor. The cars of doctors are all good. 2. Sentences with classificatory verb: 1. 他哥哥是你朋友吗?是。他哥哥是我朋友。 2. 那不是你的车吗?不是。那是我爸爸的车。 3. 这是你弟弟的书吗?这不是他的书,是我的书。 4. 他是大夫吗?他是大夫,也是我爸爸。 5. 那是你朋友的哥哥吗?是。我朋友的哥哥很忙。他是大夫。 1. Tā gēge shì nĭ péngyou ma? Shì. Tā gēge shì wŏ péngyou. 2. Nà bú shì nĭ de chē ma? Bú shi. Nà shì wŏ bàba de chē. 3. Zhè shì nĭ dìdi de shū ma? Zhè bú shì tā de shū, shì wŏ de shū. 4. Tā shì dàifu ma? Tā shì dàifu, yĕ shì wŏ bàba. 5. Nà shì nĭ péngyou de gēge ma? Shì. Wŏ péngyou de gēge hĕn máng. Tā shì dàifu. 1. Is his older brother your friend? Yes. His older brother is my friend. 2. Isn’t that your car? No. That’s my dad’s car. 3. Is this your younger brother’s book? This is not his book. (This) is my book. 4. Is he a doctor? He is a doctor, and (he) is also my dad. 5. Is that your friend’s older brother? Yes. My friend’s older brother is busy. He is a doctor.

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