1. The demonstrative place names "这儿", "那儿": 这儿( here ), 那儿(there) can be used as localizers that can combine with pronouns, proper nouns, and nouns. For example: 我这儿 wŏ zhèr my place 王老师那儿 Wáng lăoshī nàr Teacher Wang’s place 外语学院那儿 wàiyŭ xuéyuàn nàr the Institute of Foreign Languages there 2. Time-word: Time words such as 今天，现在 etc. can function as nouns, and can be used an adjective to modify another noun. For example: 今天的老师 jīntiān de lăoshī today’s teacher 现在的学生 xiànzài de xuésheng nowadays students Times words may also function as adverbs. As adverbs they must precede the verb, and they can come before or after the subject. For example: 今天她去外语学院。 Jīntiān tā qù wàiyŭ xuéyuàn. Today she’ll go to the Foreign language Institute. 你现在看什么？ Nĭ xiànzài kàn shénme? What are you reading now?