初级第十八课


语 法

对话  |  短文  | 词汇  |  语型 |  练习


Aisa Languages
1. More about measure words:
Consider the following sentence from the dialogue 我 给 小 丁 留 个 话 , 好 吗 ? 
Before the measure word 个  the  numeral 一 is understood。 The sentence can go 
like this: 我 给 小 丁 留 一 个 话 , 好 吗 ? 
The numeral 一  can often be omitted before the measure word 个 , and sometimes 
before other measure words as well.

2. Passive voice:
English has a specialized inflectional form for the passive voice of a verb. 
It is used when the subject of a sentence or clause represents something that 
is acted on.  There are several ways of expressing an equivalent meaning in 
Chinese. One is simply to invert a verb-object phrase to produce a sentence 
in the passive voice. For example:
1) Sentence:我要做作业 。  Wŏ yào zuò zuòyè.     I need to do the homework.
Transform:  作 业 要 做 。	Zuòyè yào zuò.	The homework needs to be done.
Some more examples:
2) 老 师 说 这 课 不 教 。  Lăoshī shuō zhè kè bù jiāo. 
The teacher said this lesson wouldn’t be covered.
3)  这 个 汉 字 也 要 写 吗 ?   Zhè gè Hànzì yĕ yào xiĕ ma?
Should this character be written?
	
3. The expression of 有 的 ....有 的 .....:
The indefinite pronoun 有 的 , which means “some” in English, can be used as a  
subject in a sentence. For example:
4) 有 的 喜 欢 喝 茶 。   Yŏu de xĭhuan hē chá.	Some like to drink tea.
5) 有 的 坐 车 去 实 验 室 。 Yŏu de zuò chē qù shìyànshi.
                  Some went to the lab by car.
When two or more one clauses each introduced by 有 的 , are strung together, we 
term the pattern alternative construction. In this construction, each clause led 
by 有 的  expresses a possible outcome or course of action with respect to some 
choice or some undertaking. For instance:
6) 阅 览 室 有 很 多 人 。 有 的 看 书 , 有 的 找 资 料  。 
Yuèlănshì yŏu hĕn duō rén. Yŏu de kàn shū, yŏu de zhăo zīliào.
There are a lot of people in the reading room. Some are reading; some are  looking 
for informational material.
7) 我 们 班 有 二 十 个 学 生 。 有 的 是 华 裔 美 国 人 , 有 的 是 美 国 黑  人 , 有 的 
是 美 国 白 人 。 
Wŏmen bān yŏu èrshí ge xuésheng. Yŏu de shì huáyī Mĕiguó rén, yŏu de shì Mĕiguó hēirén,
yŏu de shì Mĕiguó báirén.
There are twenty students in our class. Some are Chinese Americans; some are black    
Americans; and some are white Americans.

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