初级第二十六课

语 法

1.Common auxiliary verbs and their usage: Verbs which assist the main verb in a sentence to express necessity, possibility and willingness are known as AUXILLARY VERBS. The six most commonly used auxiliary verbs, their meanings, their negative verbs and examples of their usage are listed below: Aux. verb Meaning Neg. form Examples 会 1.Express the grasp skill through learning 2. Express possibility 不会 我会说汉语。 I can (learn how to) speak Chinese. 她不会游泳。 She can’t (don’t know how to) swim. ------- 王老师会来吗? Can Teacher Wang come? 她很忙,不会来。She is busy. (She) can’t come. 能 1.Express capability 2.Possibility provided by circumstances 不能 他能教你跳舞。 He can teach you dance. 她能不能开车? Can she drive? -------- 大夫说他能吃鱼 。 Doctor says he can eat fish. 想 1.Express a desire to do something 2.Express an actual need 不想,不用 我想上研究院。 I want to attend graduate school. 我不想学吸烟。 I don’t want to learn smoking. -------- 你要去看你妈妈。You need to do and visit your Mom. 你不用给我打电话。 You don’t need to call me. 可以 1.Express the ability 2.Express permission 不可以 学中文可以了解中国。 Learning Chinese can understand China. ------- 这儿不可以喝酒。 Drinking is not allowed here. 应该 Ought to 不应该 你应该去中国看看。 You ought to visit China. 他不应该看那本书。 He should not read that book. 愿意 To be willing to 不愿意 他愿意跟你去纽约。 He is willing to go to NY with you. 2.或者 vs. 还是: Both conjunctions means “or” in English. But, 还是 is mainly used in an alternative question or in a subordinate clause following such verbs as 知道, 告诉 . For example: 明天她还是你去看爸爸? Tomorrow will she or you go to see Dad? 你想喝茶还是喝咖啡? Do you want to drink tea or coffee? 我不知道她是中国人还是日本人。 I don’t know weather she is Chinese or Japanese. 或者 is used in declarative sentences or in questions except alternative questions. For example: 以後你想当翻译或者老师吗? In the future will you want to work as an interpreter or a teacher? 小王或者小张明天开车来接你。 Tomorrow Wang or Zhang will come and pick you up. 3. The pattern 越...越....: This is a construction for describing progression in one process that is related to another process. It’s English equivalent is “the more...the more...”. For example: 我越学中文越爱学。 The more I learn Chinese, the better I like it. 他越走越快。 The more he walked, the faster he got. (He walked faster and faster) 认识的字越多越好。 The more characters one knows, the better. Note that after the appearances of 越, we can use both adjectives : 越多越好; a verb and an adjective: 越走越快 , or both verbs where the second verb stands for a feeling or emotion: 越学中文越爱学. Summary of the pattern: Subject 越 Verb/adjective 越 Verb/adjective. ----------------- ------------------- ---------------

 

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