初级第二十六课

语 型
Aisa Languages

Speech Patterns: 1.Auxiliary verbs: 会,能,要,可以,应该,愿意? A.要(having a desire to do something, also indicating a future action): 1。明天我要去古老师那儿坐坐。你也去吗?我不想去。 2。妈妈这个星期天要去看朋友。她说没空给你作点心。 3。下午我们要跳舞。你也来吧。 4。这个周末我要去实验室工作,所以,我不想去散心。 要(expressing a need): 5。老师,今天我们要背生词吗?不用。 6。每个人都要学一门外国语言。 7。学外语一定要天天练习。 8。王老师说我们今天不用去语言实验室,可是一定要念课文。 要(having a desire to do something, also indicating a future action): 1.Míngtiān wŏ yào qù Gŭ lăoshī nàr zuòzuo. Nĭ yĕ qù ma? Wŏ bù xiăng qù. 2.Māma zhè ge xīngqī tiān yào qù kàn péngyou. Tā shuō méi kòng gĕi nĭ zuò diănxīn. 3.Xiàwŭ wŏmen yào tiàowŭ. Nĭ yĕ lái ba. 4.Zhè ge zhōumò wŏ yào qù shìyànshì gōngzuò, suŏyĭ wŏ bù xiăng qù sànxīn. 要(expressing a need): 5.Lăoshī, jīntiān wŏmen yào bèi shēngcí ma? Bú yòng. 6.Mĕi ge rén dōu yào xué yì mén wàiguó yŭyán. 7.Xué wàiyŭ yídìng yào tiāntiān liànxì. 8.Wáng lăoshī shuō wŏmen jīntiān bú yòng qù yŭyán shìyànshì, kĕshì yídìng yào niàn kèwén. 要(having a desire to do something, also indicating a future action): 1.Tomorrow I’ll go to Teacher Gu’s place for a visit. Will you go, too? I won’t go. 2.Mom will go to visit friends this Sunday. She said she had no time to make desserts. 3.This afternoon, we’ll dance. Join us, will you? 4.This weekend I’ll go to work at the lab, so, I’ll not go out. 要(expressing a need): 5.Teacher, should we memorize the new words today? No. 6.Everybody got to learn a foreign language. 7.Leaning a foreign language, (one) needs to practice everyday. 8.Teacher Wang says we do not need to go to language lab today, but we got to practice reading the text. B.会 (expressing the grasp of skills through learning ): 1。你为什麽天天走路去上课?你会开车吗?我会开车。可是我没有车。 2。你会不会写汉字?我会。可是,我写得不好。 3。他怎么样?他很不错,可是不会说汉语。 4。会唱这首歌的人不多。这首歌太难了。 5。早知道你会作中国点心,我就不去买了。 会(expressing possibility): 6。明天他会开车送你吗?不会,他明天要上课。 7。你会来参加我的生日晚会吗?我一定会来。 8。你说他会帮我翻译吗?我不知道。我得打电话问他。 会 (expressing the grasp of skills through learning ): 1.Nĭ wèishénme tiāntiān zŏu lù qù shàng kè. Nĭ huì kāi chē ma? Wŏ huì kāi chē. Kĕshì wŏ méi yŏu chē. 2.Nĭ huì bú huì xiĕ Hànzi? Wŏ huì. Kĕshì, wŏ xiĕ de bù hăo. 3.Tā zĕnmeyàng? Tā hĕn búcuò, kĕshì bú huì shuō Hànyŭ. 4.Huì chàng zhè shŏu gē de rén bù duō. Zhè shŏu gē tài nán le. 5.Zăo zhīdao nĭ huì zuò Zhōngguó diănxīn, wŏ jiù bú qù măi le. 会(expressing possibility): 6.Mìngtiān tā huìkāichēsòng nĭ ma? Bú huì, Tā mìngtiān yào shàng kè. 7.Nĭ huì lái cānjiā wŏde shēngrì wănhuì ma? Wŏ yìdìng huì lái. 8.Nĭ shuō tā huì bāng wŏ fānyì ma? Wŏ bù zhīdào. Wŏ dĕi dă diànhuà wèn tā. 会 (expressing the grasp of skills through learning ): 1.Why do you walk to class everyday? Do you know how to drive? I do know how to drive, but I don’t have a car. 2.Do you know how to write Characters? Yes. But my writing is not good. 3.How about him? He is not bad, but he does not know how to speak Chinese. 4.Those who know how to sing this song are not many. This song is difficult. 5.If I had known that you know how to make Chinese dim sum, I would not have bought it. 会(expressing possibility): 6.Can he give you a ride tomorrow? No. He is going to class tomorrow. 7.Can you come to my birthday party? I certainly can come. 8.Do you think he can help me translate? I don’t know. I have to call him and ask. C.能(expressing possibility): 1。下星期你能跟我一起去医院作义工吗? 2。这学期我太忙了,所以不能选汉语。 3。王老师,下午我得去看大夫,不能帮你找资料。对不起。 4。我没有钱。我不能上研究院。我得工作。 能(expressing capability): 5。他会游泳 ,可是他游得不好,所以不能教你。 6。她的身体不好,不能工作。 7。我不会法文,所以不能帮你翻译。你找我妈妈吧。她能。 8。我吃得太多了,不能再吃了。谢谢。 能(expressing possibility): 1.Xià xīngqī nĭ néng gēn wŏ yìqĭ qù yīyuàn zuò yìgōng ma? 2.Zhè xuéqī wŏ tài máng le, suŏyĭ bù néng xuăn Hànyŭ. 3.Wáng lăoshī, xiàwŭ wŏ dĕi qù kàn dàifu, bù néng bāng nĭ zhăo zīliào. Duìbuqĭ. 4.Wŏ méi yŏu qián. Wŏ bù néng shàng yánjiūyuàn. Wŏ dĕi gōngzuò. 能(expressing capability): 5.Tā huì yóuyŏng, kĕshì tā yóu de bù hăo, suŏyĭ bù néng jiāo nĭ. 6.Tā de shēntĭ bù hăo, bù néng gōngzuò. 7.Wŏ bú huì Făwén, suŏyĭ bù néng bāng nĭ fānyì. Nĭ zhăo wŏ māma ba. Tā néng. 8.Wŏ chī de tài duō le, bù néng zài chī le. Xièxie. 能(expressing possibility): 1.Can you go and volunteer together with me in the hospital next week? 2.This semester I am too busy, so I can not take Chinese. 3.Teacher Wang, this afternoon I have to see doctor. I can not help you to look for the materials. I’m sorry. 4.I don’t have money. I can not attend the graduate school. I have to work. 能(expressing capability): 5.He knows how to swim, but he does not swim well, so (he) can not teach you. 6.Her health isn’t good, so (she) can not work. 7.I don’t know French, so (I) can not help you with the translation. Ask my Mom. She can. 8.I have eaten too muck. I can’t eat anymore. Thank you just the same. D.可以(expressing the ability): 1。学中文可以加深对中国的了解。 2。看书,看报可以了解世界。 3。现在学中文,以後就可以当翻译。 可以 (expressing permission): 4。你可以用这台电脑。我用那台。 5。我们可以从那儿走吗?不可以。那是车家的花园。 6。你才十八岁,不可以喝酒。 7。喝酒以後,不可以开车。 8。老师说上课的时候,只可以说汉语,不可以说英语。 可以(expressing the ability): 1. Xué Zhōngwén kĕyĭ jiāshēn duì Zhōngguó de liăojiĕ. 2.Kàn shū kàn bào, kĕyĭ liăojiĕ shìjiè. 3.Xiànzài xué Zhōngwén, yĭhòu jiù kĕyĭ dāng fānyì. 可以 (expressing permission): 4.Nĭ kĕyĭ yòng zhè tái diànnăo. Wŏ yòng nà tái. 5.Wŏmen kĕyĭ cóng nàr zŏu ma? Bù Kĕyĭ. Nà shì Chē jiā de huāyuán. 6.Nĭ cái shìbā suì. Bù kĕyĭ hē jiŭ. 7.Hē jiŭ yĭhòu, bù kĕyĭ kāi chē. 8.Lăoshī shuō shàng kè de shìhòu, zhĭ kĕyĭ shuō Hànyŭ, bù kĕyĭ shuō Yīngyŭ. 可以(expressing the ability): 1.Learning Chinese can deepen the understanding of China. 2.Reading books, reading newspaper can learn about the world. 3.Now (you) learn Chinese, later (you) can be an interpreter. 可以 (expressing permission): 4.You can use this computer. I use that one. 5.Can we go from there? No. That is Che family’s garden. 6.You are only eighteen. (You) can’t drink. 7.No driving after drinking. 8.The teacher says in class, (we) are only allowed to speak Chinese. (We) are not allowed to speak English. E.应该(should, ought to): 1。我学中文不是偶然的。我爸爸说中国人吃中国饭,就应该学中文。 2。你才十九,不应该喝酒。 3。我们都是朋友,应该互相帮助。 4。你昨天应该去纽约看那个中国展览,非常不错。 1.Wŏ xué Zhōngwén bú shì ŏurán de. Wŏ bàba shuō Zhōnguó rén chī Zhōngguó fàn, jiù yīnggāi xué Zhōngwén. 2.Nĭ cái shìjiŭ, bù yīnggāi hē jiŭ. 3.Wŏmen dōu shì péngyou, yīnggāi hùxiāng bāngzhù. 4.Nĭ zuótiān yīnggāi qù Nĭuyuē kàn nà ge Zhōngguó zhănlăn, fēicháng búcuò. 1.It is not an serendipitous act of me to learn Chinese. My Dad says that an Chinese who eats Chinese food should learn Chinese. 2.You are only nineteen. (You) should not drink. 3.We are all friends. We should help each other. 4.You should have gone to see the Chinese exhibits in New York. (It’s) very, very nice. F.愿意 (willing): 1。他说他愿意帮我 洗 车。 2。你明天愿意不愿意跟我去医院作义工? 3。他说他愿意去餐馆打工,不愿意在家看妹妹。 1.Tā shuō tā yuànyì bāng wŏ xĭ chē. 2.Nĭ mìngtiān yuànyì bú yuànyì gēn wŏ qù yīyuàn zuò yìgōng? 3.Tā shuō tā yuànyì qù cānguăn dă gōng, bú yuànyì zài jiā kàn mèimei. 1.He said he is willing to help me clean the car. 2.Are you willing or not to go with me to volunteer in the hospital tomorrow? 3.He said he is willing to work in the restaurant, but not willing to look after the younger sister at home. 2. The expression 或者: 1。你什麽时候去中国?我明年六月或者七月去。 2。你以後想作什麽工作? 当经理或者当工程师都很不错。你说对吧? 3。我们晚上吃什麽?中国饭或者美国饭都可以。 4。从这儿去纽约,坐火车或者坐汽车都很方便。 5。我有一个问题。我想现在去学院跟王老师或者车老师谈一谈。 6。今天晚上我们在家看电视还是去电影院看电影?看电影或者看电视都一样。我都喜欢。 7。我星期三或者星期四要到纽约图书馆找资料。你也想去吗? 1.Nĭ shénme shìhòu qù Zhōngguó. Wŏ mìngnián liù yuè huòzhĕ qī yuè qù. 2.Nĭ yĭhòu xiăng zuò shénme gōngzuò? Dāng jīnglĭ huòzhĕ dāng gōngchéngshī dōu hĕn búcuò. Nĭ shuō duì ba? 3.Wŏmen wănshàng chī shénme? Zhōngguó fàn huòzhĕ Mĕiguó fàn dōu kĕyĭ. 4.Cóng zhèr qù Niŭyuē zuò huŏchē huòzhĕ zuò qìchē dōu hĕn fāngbiàn. 5.Wŏ yŏu yí ge wèntì. Wŏ xiăng xiànzài qù xuéyuàn gēn Wáng lăoshī huòzhĕ Chē lăoshī tán yì tán. 6.Jīntiān wănshàng wŏmen zài jiā kàn diànshì háishì qù diànyĭngyuàn kàn diànyĭng? Kàn diànyĭng huòzhĕ kàn diànshì dōu yíyàng. Wŏ dōu xĭhuan. 7.Wŏ xīngqī sān huòzhĕ xīngqī sì yào dào Niŭyuē túshūguăn zhăo zīliào. Nĭ yĕ xiăng qù ma? 1.When are you going to China? I’ll go in June or July next year. 2.What do you want to be in the future? It isn’t bad to be a manager or an engineer. Do you agree? 3.What do we eat tonight? Chinese food or American food are both fine. 4.It is very convenient to go from here to New York by train or by car. 5.I have a question. I want to go to the college now to talk to Teacher Wang or Teacher Che. 6.This evening, are we going to watch TV at home or watch a movie at the cinema? It makes no difference to see a movie or TV. I enjoy both. 7.I will go to New York library on Wednesday or on Thursday to look for materials. Do you want to go, too? 3.The pattern 越...越....: 1。这本书我越看越觉得有意思。你也看看吧。你一定也会喜欢。 2。你看,他越唱越高兴。你想跟他一起唱吗? 3。这个星期我睡得很多,越 睡越想睡。 4。今天来参加晚会的人真多。我妈妈说人越多越好。 5。你妈妈作的点心真好吃。我越吃越爱吃。那你就再吃一点吧。 6。他越游越快,越游离我们越远。 7。现在的孩子跟以前的孩子不一样。你越说他们越不听。 1.Zhè bĕn shū wŏ yuè kàn yuè juéde yŏu yìsi. Nĭ yĕ kànkan ba. Nĭ yídìng yĕ huì xĭhuan. 2.Nĭ kàn, tā yuè chàng yuè gāoxìng. Nĭ xiăng gēn tā yìqĭ chàng ma? 3.Zhè ge xīngqī wŏ shuì de hĕn duō, yuè shuì yuè xiăng shuì. 4.Jīntiān lái cānjiā wănhuì de rén zhēn duō. Wŏ māma shuō rén yuè duō yuè hăo. 5.Nĭ māma zuò de diănxīn zhēn hăo chī. Wŏ yuè chī yuè ài chī. Nà nĭ jiù zài chī yìdiăn ba. 6.Tā yuè yóu yuè kuài, yòu yóu lì wŏmen yuè yuăn. 7.Xiànzài de háizi gēn yĭqián de háizi bù yíyàng. Nĭ yuè shuō tāmen yuè bù tīng. 1.This book, the more I read the more interesting I feel. Just read it yourself. You will definitely like it, too. 2.Look, the more he sings the happier he becomes. Do you want to sing with him? 3.This week I slept a lot, the more I slept the more I want to sleep. 4.Today the people who came to participate in the party are a lot. My Mom says the more the people the merrier. 5.The deserts your Mom made are delicious. The more I eat the more I like to eat. Then, you have some more. 6.He swims faster and faster. The more he swims the farther he is away from us. 7.Today’s kids are not the same as those before. The more you say the more indifferent they become (the more they would not listen). 4.The expression 忙着+ V. (be busy doing): 1。她现在忙着学中文,没空看电视。 2。你忙什麽呢?我忙着作饭呢 。 3。你看,他们玩得 真高兴。你为什麽不玩呢?我忙着准备考试呢。 4。今天我打电话给老王。他不在。你知道他在哪儿?他在三楼 ,忙着写他的书呢。 5。那个忙着吃饭的孩子是谁?她是对面张先生的女儿。 1.Tā xiànzài máng zhe xué Zhōngwén, méi kòng kàn diànshì. 2.Nĭ máng shénme? Wŏ máng zhe zuò fàn ne. 3.Nĭ kàn, tāmen wán de zhēn gāoxìng. Nĭ wèishénme bù wán ne? Wŏ máng zhe zhŭnbèi kăoshì ne. 4.Jīntiān wŏ dă diànhuà gĕi Lăo Wáng. Tā bú zài. Nĭ zhīdao tā zài năr? Tā zài sān lóu, máng zhe xiĕ tā de shū ne. 5.Nà ge máng zhe chī fàn de háizi shì shuì? Tā shì duìmiàn Zhāng xiānsheng de nǚér. 1.Now she is busy studying Chinese; (she) has no time to watch TV. 2.What are you busy with? I’m busy cooking. 3.Look, they are having a lot fun (playing happily). Why don’t you join them (why don’t you play)? I’m busy preparing for the exam. 4.Today I call old Zhang. He was not in. Do you know where he is? He is on the third floor, busy writing his book. 5.Who is the child busy eating? She is the daughter of Mr. Zhang who lives across. 5.The expression (这)是不是因为.....的缘故:(Isn’t this because?) 1.这是不是因为你喜欢喝茶的缘故? 2.你想去台湾,(这)是不是因为你女朋友在那儿的缘故? 3.她不想去饭馆吃饭,是不是因为没有车的缘故? 4.是不是因为那个学院老师好的缘故,你想去那儿学习? 5.你喜欢这个电视,是不是因为想家的缘故? 6.是不是因为他在纽约工作的缘故,所以你也想去纽约? 7.你说你不会写这个汉字,是不是因为你不想帮我写? 8.他要你现在去图书馆,是不是因为他要你帮他找资料? 1.Zhè shì bú shì yīnwèi nĭ xĭhuan hē chá de yuángù? 2.Nĭ xiăng qù Táiwān, (zhè) shì bú shì yīnwèi nĭ nǚ péngyou zài nàr de yuángù? 3.Tā bù xiăng qù fànguăn chī fàn, shì bú shì yīnwèi méi yŏu chē de yuángù. 4.Shì bú shì yīnwèi nà ge xuéyuàn lăoshī hăo de yuángù, nĭ xiăng qù nàr xuéxì? 5.Nĭ xĭhuan zhè ge diànshi, shì bú shì yīnwèi xiăng jiā de yuángù? 6.Shì bú shì yīnwèi tā zài Niŭyuē gōngzuò de yuángù, suŏyĭ nĭ yĕ xiăng qù Niŭyuē? 7.Nĭ shuō nĭ bú huì xiĕ zhè ge Hànzì, shì bú shì yīnwèi nĭ bù xiăng bāng wŏ xiĕ? 8.Tā yào nĭ xiànzài qù túshūguăn, shì bú shì tā yào nĭ bāng tā zhăo zīliào? 1.Isn’t it because you like to drink tea? 2.You want to go to Taiwan, isn’t this because your girl friend is there? 3.She does not want to go to the restaurant to have dinner. Isn’t this because she does not have a car? 4.Isn’t it because the teachers in the college are good, so you want to study there? 5.You like this TV (program), isn’t this because you are homesick? 6.Isn’t it because he works in New York, so you also want to go to New York? 7.You said that you don’t know how to write this character; isn’t that because you don’t want to help me write it? 8.He wants you to go to the library right now; isn’t that because he wants you to help him to look for the materials?

 

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