初级第二十八课

语 型

Speech Patterns: 1.The time-measure complement: 1。昨天晚上你睡了几个小时?我睡了七个钟头,可是我还觉得累。 2。我爸爸妈妈在北京呆了两个月,去了五个城市,参观了无数的博物馆。 3。上大学的时候,我在医院当了几年的义工,认识了不少大夫。 4。从这儿到华盛顿坐火车要坐几个小时?我不知道,你问他吧。 5。昨天他念了几个钟头的书?他只念了五分钟的书。 6。今天上午我坐了 一个上午的火车。你去哪儿了?我去大使馆办签证了。 7。她在这儿一共只学了三个月的中文就去台湾了。 8。今天上午老师没来。这些孩子整整玩了一个上午。 1.Zuótiān nĭ shuì le jĭ ge xiăoshí? Wŏ shuì le qī ge zhōngtóu, kĕshì wŏ hái juéde lèi. 2.Wŏ bàba māma zài Bĕijīng dāi le liăng ge yuè, qù le wŭ ge chéngshì, cánguān le wúshù de bówùguăn. 3.Shàng dàxué de shìhòu, wŏ zài yīyuàn dāng le jĭ nián de yìgōng, rènshi le bùshăo de dàifu. 4.Cóng zhèr dào Huáshèngdùn zuò huŏchē yào zuò jĭ ge xiăoshì? Wŏ bù zhīdao, nĭ wèn tā ba. 5.Zuótiān tā niàn le jĭ ge zhōngtóu de shū? Tā zhĭ niàn le wŭ fēnzhōng de shū. 6.Jīntiān shàngwŭ wŏ zuò le yì ge shàngwŭ de huŏchē. Nĭ qù năr le? Wŏ qù dàshĭguăn bàn qiānzhèng le. 7.Tā zài zhèr yígòng zhĭ xué le sān ge yuè de Zhōngwén jiù qù Táiwān le. 8.Jīntiān shàngwŭ lăoshī méi lái. Zhè xiē háizi zhĕngzhĕng wánr le yí ge shàngwŭ. 1.Yesterday how many hour did you sleep? I slept for seven hours, but I still felt tired. 2.My parents stayed in Beijing for two months; (they) had been to five cities, and visited numerous museums. 3.When I was in college, I was a volunteer in a hospital and met quite a few doctors. 4.How many hours will it take by train from here to Washington? I don’t know. Ask him. 5.How many hours did he study? He only studied for five minutes. 6.This morning I sat in a train for the whole morning. Where did you go? I went to the embassy to apply for a visa. 7.She studied here only for three months before she left for Taiwan. 8.This morning the teacher did not come. These kids played for the entire morning. 2. Model Particle 了: 1。上午你和你姐姐去哪儿了?我们去中国大使馆了。你们去那个新展览馆了吗?没有。 2。昨天晚上你看电影了没有?看了。你看了几个电影?我就看一个。 3。星期天你看足球赛了吗?看了。你没看吗?没有。我太太不让我看。 4。你买没买那件上衣?没买。为什麽呢?那件上衣太贵了。 5。你喝没喝我作的鱼汤?喝了。怎么样?很不错。那麽,你再喝一点吧。 6。小张在吗?她去训练班了。晚上才能回来。 7。你吃早饭了吗?没呢。那我们一起去吧。不行,我现在没空。 8。今天下午你跟张老师去实验室了吗?我去了,张老师没去。你去的时候,他在作什麽呢?他在 跟学生说话呢。 1.Shàngwŭ nĭ hé nĭ jiĕjie qù năr le? Wŏmen qù Zhōngguó dàshĭguăn le. Nĭmen qù nàgè xīn zhănlănguăn le ma? Méi yŏu. 2.Zuótiān wănshàng nĭ kàn le diànyĭng méi yŏu? Kàn le. Nĭ kàn le jĭ ge diànyĭng? Wŏ jiù kàn yí ge. 3.Xīngqī tiān nĭ kàn zúqiú sài le ma? Kàn le. Nĭ méi kàn ma? Méi yŏu. Wŏ tàitai bú ràng wŏ kàn. 4.Nĭ măi méi măi nà jiàn shàngyī? Méi măi. Wèishénme ne? Nà jiàn shàngyī tài guì le. 5.Nĭ hē méi hē wŏ zuò de yútāng? Hē le. Zĕnmeyàng? Hĕn búcuò. Nàme, nĭ zài hē yì diănr ba. 6.Xiăo Zhāng zài ma? Tā qù xùnliàn bān le. Wănshàng cái néng huílái. 7.Nĭ chī zăofàn le ma? Méi ne. Nà wŏmen yìqĭ qù ba. Bù xìng, wŏ xiànzài méi kòngr. 8.Jīntiān xiàwŭ nĭ gēn Zhāng lăoshī qù shìyànshì le ma? Wŏ qù le. Zhāng lăoshī méi qù. Nĭ qù de shìhòu, tā zài zuò shénme ne? Tā zài gēn xuésheng shuō huà ne. 1.Where did you and sister go this morning? We went to the embassy. Did you go to the new exhibit hall? No. 2.Did you see movies last night? Yes. How many movies did you see? I only saw one. 3.Did you watch the football game on Sunday? Yes. You didn’t watch it? No. My wife would not allow me to watch (it). 4.Did you buy the jacket or not? No. Why? It was too expensive. 5.Did you taste the fish soup I made? Yes. How was it? Not bad. Then have some more. 6.Is Zhang in? She went to the training class. She won’t be back until tonight. 7.Did you have your breakfast? No yet. Let’s go together. No, I don’t have time now. 8.Did you go with Teacher Zhang to the lab this afternoon? I went, (but) Teacher Zhang didn’t. When you went, what was he doing? He was talking with students. 3.Sequential action: 1。今天下了课你作什麽?我下了课去医院当义工。你要在那儿工作多久?我要工作半天。 2。昨天晚上你去哪儿了?我吃了饭就去图书馆了。我在那儿呆了一个晚上。 3。明天下午你有空吗?下午什麽时候?下午三点左右我想问你几个语法问题。不行。下午三点我 要去台湾驻美国办事处。去了办事处,我要去看一个朋友。 4。上个星期天上午我吃了饭就去纽约了,所以你打电话的时候,我不在。 5。昨天我参观了展览馆就去火车站接朋友了。那你为什麽没有告诉我呢?我在食堂等了你一个 小时。真对不起。 1.Jīntiān xià le kè nĭ zuò shénme? Wŏ xià le kè qù yīyuàn dāng yìgōng. Nĭ yào zài nàr gōngzuò duō jiŭ ? Wŏ yào gōngzuò bàn tiān. 2.Zuótiān wănshàng nĭ qù năr le? Wŏ chī le fàn jiù qù túshūguăn le. Wŏ zài nàr dāi le yí ge wănshàng. 3.Mìngtiān xiàwŭ nĭ yŏu kòng ma? Xiàwŭ shénme shíhou? Xiàwŭ sān diăn zuŏyòu. wŏ xiăng wèn nĭ jĭ ge yŭfă wèntì. Bù xìng. Xiàwŭ sān diăn wŏ yào qù Táiwān zhù Mĕiguó bànshìchù. Qù le Bànshìchù, wŏ yào qù kàn yì ge péngyou. 4.Shàng ge xīngqī tiān shàngwŭ wŏ chī le fàn jiù qù Niŭyuē le,suŏyĭ nĭ dă diànhuà de shíhou, wŏ bú zài. 5.Zuótiān wŏ cānguān le zhănlănguăn jiù qù huŏchē zhàn jiē péngyou le. Nà nĭ wèishénme méi yŏu gàosu wŏ ne? Wŏ zài shìtáng dĕng le nĭ yí ge xiăoshí, Zhēn duìbuqĭ. 1.What do you do after class? After class I’ll go to hospital to volunteer. How long will you work there? I will work for half an hour. 2.Where did you go last night? After eating the dinner I went to the library. I stayed there for the whole evening. 3.Will you have time tomorrow afternoon? What time in the afternoon? Around three. I want to ask you a few grammatical questions. No. Three in the afternoon I will go Taiwan’s Business Office in the United States. After going the Office, I will visit a friend. 4.Last Sunday after the breakfast I went to New York, so when you called, I was not in. 5.Yesterday after visiting the exhibit, I went to the train station to pick up a friend. Then why didn’t you tell me? I waited for you in the dining hall for an hour. 4. 几乎没有时间/机会 V.+ (object) or 几乎没有 V.+ (object) 的时间/机会 = (almost don’t have the time/opportunity to... 1。这几天我很忙,几乎没有时间睡觉/几乎没有睡觉的时间。 2。老师教得很好,可是在这儿我几乎没有机会说中文/我几乎没有说中文的机会。 3。那儿的人太多了。她几乎没有机会跟那个新来的学生说话/她几乎没有跟那个新来的学生说话的机会。 4。我们在北京就呆了几天,几乎没有机会去参观那些有名的博物馆/几乎没有参观那些有名的博物馆的机会。 5。电影七点开始,我们六点五十七分才到那儿,几乎没有时间买票/几乎没有买票的时间。 1.Zhè jĭ tiān wŏ hĕn máng, jĭhū méi yŏu shíjiān shuìjiào/jĭhū méi yŏu shuìjiào de shíjiān. 2.Lăoshī jiāo de hĕn hăo, kĕshì zài zhèr wŏ jĭhū méi yŏu jīhuì shuō Zhōngwén/Wŏ jĭhū méi yŏu shuō Zhōngwén de jīhuì. 3.Nàr de rén tài duō le. Tā jĭhū méi yŏu jīhuì gēn nà ge xīn lái de xuésheng shuō huà / tā jĭhū méi yŏu gēn nà ge xīn lái de xuésheng shuō huà de jīhuì. 4.Wŏmen zài Bĕijīng jiù dāi le jĭ tiān, jĭhū méi yŏu jīhuì qù cānguān nàxiē yŏumìng de bówùguăn/jĭhū méi yŏu cānguān nàxiē yŏumìng de bówùguăn de jīhuì. 5.Diànyĭng qī diăn kāishĭ, wŏmen liù diăn wŭshì fēn cái dào nàr, jĭhū méi yŏu shíjiān măi piào/jĭhū méi yŏu măi piào de shíjiān. 1.These days I have been quite busy. (I) almost don’t have the time to sleep. 2.The teachers teach well, but I almost do not have the opportunity to speak Chinese here. 3.There were too many people there. She had almost no chance to talk to the students who just came. 4.We stayed in Beijing only for few days. (We) almost didn’t have the time to visit those famous museums. 5.The movie started at seven. We arrived there at six fifty-seven. (We) almost had no time to buy tickets. 5.希望..能 = (hope that_can/will) 1。我很想去台湾看看。我希望明年能有机会。 2。这本书很难,生词很多。希望你能帮助我。 3。爸爸妈妈,我想去中国学习,希望你 们 能 支持我的计划。 4。这是我送你的生日礼物,希望你能喜欢。 5。我希望你能让我听你的课。 1.Wŏ hĕn xiăng qù Táiwān kànkan. Wŏ xīwàng mìngnián néng yŏu jīhuì. 2.Zhè bĕn shū hĕn nán, shēngcì hĕn duō. Xīwàng nĭmen néng bāngzhù wŏ. 3.Bàba māma, wŏ xiăng qù Zhōngguó xuéxí, xīwàng nĭ néng zhīchì wŏ de jìhuà. 4.Zhè shì wŏ sòng nĭ de shēngrì lĭwù, xīwàng nĭ néng xĭhuan. 5.Wŏ xīwàng nĭ néng ràng wŏ tīng nĭ de kè. 1.I like it very much to visit Taiwan. I hope that (I) can have the opportunity next year. 2.This book is difficult. New vocabularies are many (there are many new vocabularies). Hope that you can help me. 3.Mom, Dad, I want to go to study in China. Hope that you can support my plan. 4.This is a gift for you (this is the gift I gave you). Hope that you will like (it). 5.I hope that you will allow me to audit your class (to listen to your class). 6. 已经 V.(O) 了 VS. 还没 V.(O)呢 = already (did) VS. did not (do) yet: 1。你们都懂了吗?他们已经懂了。我不行,我还没懂呢。 2。客人都来了吗?男的都已经来了,女的都还没来呢。 3。你们三个吃饭了没有?我已经吃了,他们俩还没吃呢。 4。你的中文作业都作了吗?语法作业我已经作了,可是生词还没背呢。 5。护照你们都申请了没有?爸爸妈妈护照已经申请了。我还没呢。这两天太忙了。 1.Nĭmen dōu dŏng le ma? Tāmen yĭjīng dŏng le. Wŏ bù xìng. Wŏ hái méi dŏng ne. 2.Kèrén dōu lái le ma? Nán de dōu yĭjīng lái le. Nǚ de dōu hái méi lái ne. 3.Nĭmen sān ge chī fàn le méi yŏu? Wŏ yĭjīng chī le, Tāmen liăr hái méi chī ne. 4.Nĭ de Zhōngwén zuòyè dōu zuò le ma? Yŭfă zuòyè wŏ yĭjīng zuò le, kĕshì shēngcì hái méi bèi ne. 5.Hùzhào nĭmen dōu shēnqĭng le méi yŏu? Bàba māma hùzhào yĭngjīng shēnqĭng le. Wŏ hái méi ne. Zhè liăng tiān tài máng le. 1.Have you all understood (it)? They already did. I’m no good. I haven’t yet. 2.Have all the guests arrived? All of the male guests have already arrived. None of the female guests is here yet. 3.Have you three had food yet? I already did. They two haven’t yet. 4.Are all your Chinese homework done yet? I already did the grammar homework, but (I) haven’t memorized the vocabularies yet. 5.Have you all applied for the passports? My parents already did. I have not yet. These two days have been quite busy.

 

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