初级第二十九课

语 型
 
Speech Pattern
1. The impending aspect:
   1. Xià xīngqī yī tā jiù yào lái le. Nĭ zhěngli zhěngli nĭ de  fángjiān.
      Tā lái le, jiù zhù zài nĭ de fángjiān lĭ.
   2. Shŭjià kuài yào dào le. Nĭ yǒu shénme dăsuàn ma? Wǒ yào  dào shìjiè 
      yínháng shíxí.
   3. Huǒchē jiù yào jìn zhàn le. Qĭng dàjiā zhŭnbèi xià chē.
   4. Nĭ yào zǒu le ma? Duì, nĭ yǒu shìr ma? Wǒ zuò le yìxiē  diănxīn, nĭ 
      dài gěi nĭ māma, hăo ma?
   5. Tiānqì kuài yào rè le. Nĭ wèishénme xiànzài cái măi dàyī?
   6. Zhāng lăoshī shénme shíhou lái? Kuài lái le, kuài lái le.
   7. Wǒmen jiù yào chī fàn le. Shéi shuō jiù yào chī fàn le?  
      Wǒ hái méi zuò fàn ne.


   1.下星期一她就要来了.你整理整理你的房间.她来了,就住在你的房间里.
   2.暑假快要到了.你有什么打算吗?我要到世界银行实习.
   3.火车就要进站了.请大家准备下车.
   4.你要走了吗?对,你有事儿吗?我作了一些点心,你带给你妈妈,好吗?
   5.天气快要热了.你为什么现在才买大衣?
   6.张老师什么时候来?快来了,快来了.
   7.我们就要吃饭了.谁说就要吃饭了?我还没作饭呢.




   1. She will come next Monday. You tidy up your room. When (she) comes,   

      (she) will live in your room.
   2. The summer vocation is about to com. Do you have any plan? I will 
      intern in the World Bank.
   3. The train is approaching the station. Please get ready to deboard.
   4. Are you going to leave soon? Yes. What can I do for you (do you have any thing
      you want me to do)? I made sine desert. Would you take some to your Mom?
   5. The weather is getting warm soon. Why didn’t buy a overcoat until now?
   6. When will Teacher Zhang be here? Very soon, very soon.
   7. We are going to eat soon. Who says we are going to eat soon?
      I haven’t cooked  yet.
 


2. The Imperative Sentence:




   1. Bié kàn diànshì le. Kuài shí diăn le. Shuìjiào ba. Míngtiān hái yào shàng kè  ne.
   2. Búyào nánguò le. Wǒmen míngnián zài Táiběi zàijiàn.
   3. Wǒ de shū zài năr ne? Bié zhăo le. Wèishénme ne? Nĭ gēge jiè gěi duìmiàn de Xiăo Dīng le.
   4. Jīntiān nĭ hē jiŭ hē de tài duō le. Bié kāi chē le. Hē jiŭ yĭhòu bù néng kāi chē.
   5. Nĭ bàba de shēntĭ zěnmeyàng? Bié wèn le. Zuótiān tā yòu zhù yuàn le.
 
   1. 别看电视了.快十点了.睡觉吧.明天还要上课呢.
   2. 不要难过了.我们明年在台北再见.
   3. 我的书在哪儿呢?别找了.为什么呢?你哥哥借给对面的小丁了.
   4. 今天你喝酒喝得太多了.别开车了.喝酒以后不能开车.
   5. 你爸爸的身体怎么样?别问了.昨天他又住院了.
 
   1. Stop watching TV (Don’t watch TV). It’s about ten. Go to bed. 
      Tomorrow (you) have to go to school.
   2. Don’t be sad. We’ll meet again in Taibei next year.
   3. Where is my book? Don’t look for it. Why? Your brother lent it to Ding across.
   4. Today you drank too much alcohol. Don’t drive. (You) can’t drive after drinking.
   5. How is your Dad’s health? Don’t ask. He was admitted the hospital yesterday.
 


3. The Expression 怎么行:


   1. Qù Zhōngguó, bù qiānzhèng ,zěnmexíng?
   2. Nĭ fàn chī de zhème shăo, zěnmexíng?
   3. Xué Zhōngwén, bù xué hànzì, bù xué yŭfă, zěnmexíng?
   4. Kèrén lái le, nĭ bú sòngchá dàoshuĭ, zěnmexíng?
   5. Niŭyuē lí Jiāzhōu hĕn yuăn, nĭ bú zuò fēijī, zěnmexíng? Wŏ zuò huŏchē.
 
   1. 中国,不签证,怎么行?
   2. 你饭吃得这么少,怎么行?
   3. 学中文,不学汉字,不学语法,怎么行?
   4. 客人来了,你不送茶倒水,怎么行?
   5. 纽约离加州很远,你不坐飞机,怎么行?我坐火车.
 
   1. Going to china, and not applying for visa, would it be OK?
   2. You eat so little, would it be OK?
   3. Learning Chinese, but not learning character, would it be OK?
   4. The guests are here, and you are not serving tea and beverages. Is it right?
   5. New York is far away from California, but you don’t take a plane. Would it be
      OK? I’ll take the train.
 


4. The pattern Subj. V. phrase 一点问题也没有 = Subj. have no problem V. phrase; 
or It  would be no problem for someone to V. phrase:

   1. Tā xué Hànyŭ xué le sān nián le. Tīng, Shuō, Dú, Xiĕ,  yìdiăn wèntí yĕ méiyŏu.
   2. Wŏmen jiā de fángzi hĕn dà. Nĭ zài zhèr zhù yìdiăn wèntí  yĕ méiyŏu.
   3. Tā kāi chē kāi de hĕn hăo. Sòng nĭ qù jīchăng yìdiăn  wèntí yĕ méiyŏu.
   4. Bié yóuyù bùjué le. Nĭ mèimei nàme cōngming, xué jīngjì  yìdiăn wèntí yĕ méiyŏu.
   5. Jīntiān xiàwŭ wŏ yŏu kòng, jiāo nĭ kāi chē yìdiăn wèntí  yĕ méiyŏu.
   6. Tā de Hànyŭ hĕn biāozhŭn, Yīngyŭ yĕ bú cuò. Dāng fānyì  yìdiăn wèntí yĕ méiyŏu.






   1. 他学汉语学了三年了.听,说,读,写,一点问题也没有.
   2. 我们家的房子很大.你在这儿住一点问题也没有.
   3. 他开车开得很好.送你去机场一点问题也没有.
   4. 别犹豫不决了.你妹妹那么聪明,学经济一点问题也没有.
   5. 今天下午我有空.教你开车一点问题也没有.
   6. 他的汉语很标准,英语也不错.当翻译一点问题也没有.
 
   1. He has learned Chinese for three years. (He) has no problem in listening,      
      speaking, reading and writing. 
   2. Our family’s house is big. It would no problem for you to live here.
   3. He drives well. He will have no problem giving you a ride to the airport.
   4. Don’t be hesitated. Your sister is smart. (She) will have no problem learning       
      Economics.
   5. This afternoon I’m free. (I) will have no problem teaching you driving.
   6. His Chinese is good, and his English is not bad. (He) will have no problem to       
      be an interpreter.
 


5.The patter V. phrase 要some  length of time  = It takes some length  of time to V. phrase.

   1. Cóng zhèr dào Niŭyuē zuò huŏchē yào yí ge xiăoshí. Kāi  chē yào 
      duōcháng shíjiān ne?
   2. Cóng Rìbĕn dào Mĕiguó zuò fēijī yào duōshăo xiăoshí? Dào  Mĕiguó 
      de dōngbù háishì xībù?
   3. Zuò zhèxiē Hànyŭ zuòyè yào duōcháng shíjiān? Jīntiān de  zuòyè 
      hĕn nán, wŏ xiăng yào yí ge wănshang.
   4. Xiĕ yì băi ge Hànzì yào yí ge xiăoshí. Xiĕ wŭ băi ge  Hànzì 
      yào duōshăo shíjiān?
 
   1. 从这儿到纽约坐火车要一个小时.开车要多长时间呢?
   2. 从日本到美国坐飞机要多少小时?到美国的东部还是西部?
   3. 作这些汉语作业要多长时间?今天的作业很难,我想要一个晚上.
   4. 写一百个汉字要一个小时.写五百个汉字要多少时间?
 
   1. It takes an hour to go from here to New York by train. 
      How long will it take by car?
   2. How  many hours will it take to go from Japan to the States by air? 
      It will go to the East or the West of the States?
   3. How long will it take to do these homework? Today’s homework is very
      difficult, (it) will take a whole evening. 
   4. It takes an hour to write a hundred characters. How long will it take to       
      write five hundred characters?
 


6. The pattern Subj.一V. phrase 就是some length of time = Once Subj. V. phrase, 
   it  would be some length of time:

   1. Bié kàn diànshì. Bié kàn diànshì. Nĭ yí kàn diànshì  jiùshì jĭ ge xiăoshí. 
      Wŏmen méiyou shíjiān.
   2. Zhè ge háizi hĕn nŭlì. Yì xuéxí jiùshì jĭ ge xiăoshí,  suŏyĭ tā xué de hĕn hăo.
   3. Tā bàba qù Yīngguó le. Yí qù jiùshì jĭ nián. Nĭ rènshi tā  bàba ma? Bú rènshi.
   4. Zuótiān wŏ qù tā sùshè tán gōngzuò. Wŏmen yì tán jiùshì  yí ge wănshang.
      Shíjiān guò de zhēn kuài.
   5. Tā shuō tā qù yīyuàn kànkan, jiù huílái. Kĕshì, yí qù  jiùshì sìshí fēnzhōng.
      Nĭ wèishénme bù gēn tā yìqĭ qù ne?
   6. Tā hĕn xĭhuan duànliàn. Mĕi cì tā zài jiànshēnfáng yì dāi  jiùshì yí ge xiàwŭ.



   1. 别看电视.别看电视.你一看电视就是几个小时.我们没有时间.
   2. 这个孩子很努力.一学习就是几个小时.所以他学得很好.
   3. 他爸爸去英国了.一去就是几年.你认识他爸爸吗?不认识.
   4. 昨天我去她宿舍谈工作.我们一谈就是一个晚上.时间过得真快.
   5. 他说他去医院看看,就回来.可是,一去就是四十分钟.你为什么不跟他一起去呢?
   6. 她很喜欢锻炼.每次她在健身房一呆就是一个下午.
 
   1. Don’t watch TV. Don’t watch TV. Once you watch, it will be several hours. We       
      don’t have time.
   2. This kid is diligent. Once (he) studies it will be several hours, so he 
      studies well.
   3. His did went to England. Once he left, it is a couple of years. Do you know       
      his Dad. No.
   4. Yesterday I went to her dorm to talk about work. Once we talked, it went for a 
      whole evening. Time flew.
   5. He said he went to the hospital to take a look. Once he left he was gone for       
      forty minutes. Why didn’t you go with him?
   6. She likes exercise very much. Every time she went to the gym, she stays for 
      a whole afternoon.

 

 

 
  


 

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