初级第三十一课

语 型
Aisa Languages

1. The Time Measure Complement 1.)大为每天下午三点半上中文课. Dawei has a Chinese class at 3:30pm every day. 2.)世海下午四点去东亚图书馆看中文杂志。 Shihai went to the East Asian Library and read Chinese magazines at 4:00pm. 3.)这个年轻人想在美国学习四年。 This young man wants to study in the U.S. for four years. 4.)小丁在她的大学学中文学了两年。 Xiaoding studied Chinese for two years in her university. 5.)昨天晚上我听了一个小时的中国音乐。 Last night I listened to an hour of Chinese music. 6.)今年暑假我要上一个月的法语课。 This summer I want to take a month of French. 2. The Approximate Number Indicators--"几" and "多" 1.)我在北京有几个好朋友。 我想给你他们的电话。 I have some (less than 10) good friends in Beijing. I would like to give you their phone numbers. 2.)坐了十多/几个小时的飞机,你们一定很累了。 (After) sitting in the plane for over ten hours, you must be very tired. 3.)我有几十张中国音乐唱片,你可以来我的宿舍听中国音乐。 I have several dozen (10-90) Chinese music records. You can come to my dorm and listen to Chinese music. 4.)我的大学很大,有三万多个学生。 My university is very big. (It) has over 30,000 students. 5.)学友和小丁想在北京大学学习几个月的中文。 Xueyou and Xiaoding would like to study several(less than 10) months' Chinese in Beijing University. 6.)他在这家美国公司工作了四年多。 He has worked in this American company for over four years. 3. The Ordinal Number 第 1.)王老师是小丁的第二个中文老师。 Teacher Wang is Xiaoding's second Chinese teacher. 2.)今天是小丁和学友到北京的第一天。 Today is the first day since Xiaoding and Xueyou arrived in Beijing. 3.)这个生词在第三十课。 This new word is in Lesson 30. 4.)去年我第一次去北京大学参加一个短期汉语培训班。 Last year for the first time I went to Beijing University and attended a short-term intensive Chinese training program. 4. The Structure 从...到... 1.)在从食堂到图书馆的路上,我见到了小丁和她的男朋友。 On the way from the dining hall to the library, I met Xiaoding and her boyfriend. 2.)从上海到洛杉矶,飞机要飞十四个小时。 From Shanghai to Los Angeles, a plane will fly fourteen hours. 3.)从一九九二年到一九九五年,我在北京大学中文系学习。 From 1992 to 1995, I studied in the Chinese Department of Beijing University. 4.)从晚上六点半到八点,我和我的日本朋友一起吃晚饭。 From 6:30pm to 8:00pm, I had dinner together with my Japanese friend(s). 5. The Structure 当...的时候 1.)当我收到爸爸妈妈的第一封信的时候,我非常高兴。 When I received the first letter from my mom and dad, I was very happy. 2.)当我第一次离开爸爸妈妈去上大学的时候,妈妈心里很难过。 When I left my parents for university for the first time, my mom was very upset. 3.)我在北京学习的时候,每天都去图书馆看书。 When I was studying in Beijing, I went to the library and read every day. 4.)小丁给大为打电话的时候,大为正在看中文语法书呢。 When Xiaoding called Dawei, Dawei was reading a Chinese grammar book. 6. The Adverb 实在 "Really, truely" 1.)中国离美国实在太远了。 China is really far away from the U.S. 2.)我实在很累了。今天晚上我要早一点儿睡觉。 I am really very tired. Tonight I want to go to bed early. 3.)北京的国际机场实在是太漂亮了。 Beijing's internation airport is really very beautiful. 4.)昨天的考试不难,同学们实在是太高兴了。 Yesterday's exam was not difficult. The students were really very happy. 7. The Conjunction 此外 "In addition to, besides" 1.)北京是中国的政治、经济和文化中心。此外,北京还是一个旅游胜地。 Beijing is the political, economic and cultural center of China. In addition, it is also a tourist resort. 2.)古老师在东亚图书馆工作。此外,她还教小丁书法。 Teacher Gu works in the East Asian Library. In addition, she teaches Xiaoding calligraphy. 3.)我很喜欢吃中国菜和日本菜。此外,我还喜欢吃法国菜。 I like to eat Chinese cuisine and Japanese cuisine very much. In addition, I also like to eat French cuisine. 4.)我常常听中国古典音乐。此外,我也喜欢听中国民歌。 I often listen to Chinese classical music. In addition, I also like to listen to Chinese folk songs.

 

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