1. The Aspect Particle "过" Indicating Past Experience 1.)学友上星期去过北京大学图书馆。 Xueyou has been to the Beijing University Library last week. 2.)王老师去他的美国大夫那儿检查过身体。 Teacher Wang has been to his American doctor's place to have a physical exam. 3.)学友和小丁给王老师的太太打过电话没有？ Have Xueyou and Xiaoding called Teacher Wang's wife or not? 4.)学友和小丁还没有去北京大学的中国学生食堂吃过饭呢。 Xueyou and Xiaoding has not yet been to Beijing University's Chinese students dining rooms to eat. 5.)小丁的爸爸、妈妈去北京看过小丁和学友没有？ Have Xiaoding's mom and dad been to Beijing to see Xiaoding and Xueyou? 6.)学友和小丁还没有给在美国的朋友们写过信呢。 Xueyou and Xiaoding have not yet written letters to their friends in the U.S. 2. The Action Measure Words "次"，"遍"，"一下儿" 1.)上个月王老师去过一次纽约。 Last month Teacher Wang went to New York once. 2.)这个星期六我想再看一遍“卧虎藏龙”。 This Saturday I would like to see "Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon" again. 3.)我正在给我妈妈打电话，请你等一下儿。 I am making a phone call to my mom. Please wait for a while. 4.)这首中国民歌非常好听，我已经听了很多遍了。 This Chinese folk song is very good. I have listened to it many times (from beginning to end). 5.)我有点儿累。 我想先休息一下儿，再去锻炼身体。 I am a little tired. I would like to take a rest for a while, then go to do some exercise. 3. The Structure "不是...而是..." 1.)大为不是小丁的男朋友，而是她的好朋友。 Dawei is not Xiaoding's boyfriend, rather, he is Xiaoding's good friend. 2.)世海的爸爸不是北京人，而是上海人。 Shihai's dad is not a native of Beijing, rather, he is a native of Shanghai. 3.)明天的中文课不是学习新课文，而是考试。 Tomorrow's Chinese class, (we are) not going to learn a new lesson, rather, (we are) going to have a test. 4.)王老师不是在东亚图书馆工作，而是在东亚系工作。 Teacher Wang does not work in the East Asian Library, rather, he works in the East Asian Department. 4. The Conjunction 不过 "but, however" 1.)你的身体很好。不过，你要注意锻炼身体。 You are very healthy. However, you should take the care to exercise (your body). 2.)大为没有去过中国。不过，他想明年去北京学习。 David has never been to China. However, he would like to go to Beijing to study next year. 3.)这件大衣很漂亮。不过，我已经有一件黑色的大衣了。 This coat is very pretty. However, I already have a black coat. 4.)谢谢你请我吃午饭。不过，我已经吃过了。 Thank you for inviting me for lunch. However, I have already had it (my lunch). 5. The Adverb 好好 "well,thoroughly" 1.)到了学校你们就可以好好休息一下儿了。 You can take a good (thorough) rest right after you get to school. 2.)小丁和学友想今天晚上去图书馆，好好复习一下儿今天学的生词和语法。 Xiaoding and Xueyou would like to go to the library tonight and thoroughly review the new words and grammar they learned today. 3.)明天是星期天。我要好好整理一下儿我的宿舍。 Tomorrow is Sunday. I will clean my dorm thoroughly. 4.)这个周末，小丁想好好地给在美国的朋友们写一封信。 This weekend Xiaoding would like to write a good (thorough) letter to her friends in the U.S. 6. The Adverbs Indicating Time Order 先，然後，最後 "first...then...lastly..." 1.)小丁先在美国的大学学中文，然後去北京大学学中文，最後回美国上研究院。 Xiaoding studied Chinese in an American university first; then went to Beijing University to study Chinese; lastly, returned to the U.S. to go to a graduate school. 2.)护士先给小丁量体温，然後给她量血压，最後给她检查血液。 The nurse first took Xiaoding's tempareture; then measured her blood pressure; lastly, (the nurse) gave her a blood test. 3.)学友先给小丁挂号，然後陪她看大夫，最後帮她买药。 First Xueyou registered for Xiaoding; then, accompanied her to see a doctor; lastly, helped her to buy some medicine. 4.)明天我先去上中文课，然後和我的好朋友一起吃午饭，最後去图书馆学习。 Tomorrow I will go to Chinese class first; then I will go to have lunch with my good friend; lastly, (I) will go to study in the library.