1. The Aspect Particles 正(在)， 着， (就/快)要...了，了， 过. 1.)今天我在图书馆看到国华的时候， 他正在复习英文呢。 When I saw Guohua in the library today, he was reviewing English. 2.)明天下午两点的时候， 我一定正在开车去机场接人呢。 Tomorrow afternoon at two, I will certainly be driving to the airport to pick up someone. 3.)这是我爸爸的书房。 墙上挂着一张中国地图。 This is my dad's study. On the wall there hangs a map of China. 4.)明天我会带着眼镜(ya3nji4ng, lenses)去看画展(hua4zha3n, art exhibition)。 Tomorrow I will go to see the art exhibition wearing my glasses. 5.)就要春天了。 校园里的花就要开了。 Spring is coming soon. The flowers on campus are going to blossom. 6.)这个星期小丁考过试了。 她考得还不错。 This week Xiaoding has had her exam. She did quite well. 2. The Structural Particles 的，地，得. 1.)小丁要给王老师的太太打电话。 Xiaoding is going to call Teacher Wang's wife. 2.)北京国际机场是一座现代化的机场。 Beijing International Airport is a modernized airport. 3.)小丁和学友很想念他们的爸爸、妈妈和在美国的朋友们。 Xiaoding and Xueyou miss their mom and dad and their friends in the U.S. a lot. 4.)看了小丁和学友寄来的照片和信， 小丁的妈妈高兴地说：“北京真漂亮。” After looking at the pictures and the letter sent by Xiaoding and Xueyou, Xiaoding's mom said gladly: "Beijing is very beautiful." 5.)小丁的妈妈在信中要小丁努力地学习中文，不要想家。 Xiaoding's mom in her letter asked Xiaoding study Chinese hard and not miss home. 6.)现在，小丁和学友写汉字写得很漂亮。 Now, Xiaoding and Xueyou write Chinese characters beautifully. 3. The Adverbials 又，再， 还. 1.)我昨天买了一本英文小说(xia3oshuo1, novel)。 今天我又买了一本。 I bought an English novel yesterday. I bought another one today. 2.)去年夏天我去了一次中国。 今年夏天我又要去中国了。 I went to China last summer. I intend again to go to China this summer. 3.)今年春假我去了佛罗里达(fo2luo2li3da2, Florida)的迪斯尼(di2si1ni2) 乐园(le4yua2n, entertainment park)。 明年我还想再去一次。 I went to the Disney land in Florida in spring. I want to go again next year. 4.)饭还没有做好呢。 你们先喝点儿茶吧。 The meal is not ready yet. Please have some tea first. 5.)我的家有四个孩子。 我有一个哥哥， 一个弟弟， 还有一个妹妹。 There are four children in my family. I have an older brother, a younger brother, as well as a younger sister. 4. The Structure 要(想)...就应该... 1.)要想看星期六晚上的电影， 就应该早点儿买票。 If you want to see the movie on Saturday night, you should buy the tickets earlier. 2.)要想学作中国菜， 就应该买一本中国菜谱(ca4ipu3, recipe)。 If you want to learn to make Chinese food, you should buy a Chinese cookbook. 3.)要想修这门书法课， 就应该早点儿注册。 If you want to take this calligraphy class, you should register earlier. 4.)在美国， 要想看医生， 就应该打电话预约。 In the U.S., if you want to see a doctor, you should call to make an appointment.