高级第九课

词 汇
Chinese Words  Pinyin  Part of Speech	Engl. Trans.	Examples
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岱 		dài		n.		used for person's name
上古		shàngg		adj.		ancient 	
典型		diănxìng	adj.		typical 	
始终		shĭzhōng	n.		from beginning to end	
居于		jūy		v.		to be (in a certain position)
前列		qiánli		n.		front row/rank, forefront
促进		cùjìn		v.		to promote, to accelerate 
变革		biàng		n.		reform
突飞猛进	tūfēi-mĕngjìn	set phrase	to advance by leaps and bounds	
落後		luòhòu		adj.		backward
列强		lièqiáng	n.		great powers	
侵略		qīnl□		v.		to invade
欺凌 		qīlìng		n.		to bully, to mistreat
发愤图强 	fāfèn-túqiáng	set phrase	to work with a will to make 
						something (e.g., country) strong	
艰苦		jiānk		adj.		arduous
奋斗		fèndòu		v.		to struggle, to fight 
救亡图存	jiùwáng-túcún	set phrase	to save country from 	extinction	
日益		rìy		adv.		increasingly
表明		biăomìng	v.		to make known, to indicate	
孕育		yùny		v.		to be pregnant with, to breed
实验		shìyàn		n.		experiment, test
民主		mìnzh		n.		democracy	
制度		zhìd		n.		system, institution
揭示		jiésh		v.		to reveal, to bring to light 
改造		găizào		v.		to transform, to reform 
倾向		qìngxiàng	n.		tendency	
全盘		quánpán		adj.		total, complete	
全盘西化	quánpán-xīhu	set phrase	complete Westernization
反对 		făndu		v.		to oppose to 
优越		yōuyu		adj.		superior, outstanding 
胡适之		H? Shìzh	n.		胡适 (1891-1926), leading intellectual,
			 			philosopher, exponent of vernacular writing 
梁漱溟		Liáng Shùmìng	n.		1893-1986, philosopher, prominent 
						leader in rural construction movement
口号		kŏuhào		n.		slogan 
综合		zōngh		adj.		comprehensive 
培养		péiyăng		v		to nurture, to cultivate	
充分		chōngfèn	adj.		full, ample	
发扬		fāyáng		v.		to develop, to carry on
批判		pīpàn		v		to criticize
继承		jìchéng		v		to inherit, to carry on
发扬光大	fāyáng-guāngd	set phrase	to carry forward, to enhance	
简要		jiănyào		adj.		concise and to the point, brief 
长篇大论 	chángpiān-dàlùn	set phrase	lengthy speech/article	
短长		duăncháng	n.		shortcomings and advantages 	
论证		lùnzhèng	v		to expound and prove	
欠缺		qiànqu		v		to lack, to be short of 	
意蕴		yìyùn		n.		implication
废话		fèihu		n.		superfluous words, nonsense
设身处地   	shèshēn-chŭd	set phrase	to put oneself in somebody else's 
						position
超越		chāoyu		v		to exceed 	
好学		hàoxu		adj.		studious 
深思		shēns		v.		to ponder deeply 
弘扬		hóngyáng	v.		to develop, to carry on	
简言之		jiănyánzh	set phrase	to put it short	
高度		gāod		adj.		high
思维		sīwéi		n.		thoughts
器官		qìguān		n.		organ
禽兽		qìnshòu		n.		animals	
自觉		zìju		v.		to be conscious/aware
他律		tāl		n.		constrain from others 
服从		fúcóng		v.		to obey
管束		guănsh		v.		to restrain, to control 	
自律		zìl		n.		self-discipline 
同归于尽	tónggu?yújìn	set phrase	to end in common ruin 	
残杀		cánsh		v.		to kill ruthlessly 
持续		chìx		adv.		continuously
知之甚少	zhīzh? shènshăo	set phrase	to know very little	
归属		guīsh		v.		to belong to 
百科		băik		n.		encyclopedia 
力求		lìqi		v.		to do one's best, to strive for
涵盖		hán'gài		v.		to cover, to include
提供		tìgòng		v.		to provide
序言		xùyán		n.		preface

   

 

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