高级第十课

词 汇
Chinese Words  Pinyin  Part of Speech	Engl. Trans.	Examples
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
点燃		diănrán		v.		to light, to kindle, to ignite		
启蒙		qĭméng		v. o. 		to instruct the young, to initiate 	
火炬		huŏj		n.		torch	
慎		shèn		adj.		cautious	
湮没		yānm		v.		to fall into oblivion 	
彰		zhāng		adj.		clear, evident, conspicuous	
人类		rénlèi		n.		human beings/species 	
大炮		dàpào		n.		artillery 	
轰		hōng		v.		to bomb	
觉悟		juéw		v., n.		to come to understand, to realize; 
						consciousness	
先贤		xiānxián	n.		ancient sage		
解放		jiĕfàng		v. 		to liberate	
奋斗		fèndòu		v. 		to struggle, to fight, to strive	
目标		mùbiāo		n.		objective, target, goal		
超越		chāoyu		v. 		to exceed		
达到		dádào		v. 		to achieve, to reach	
从来		cónglái		adv.		always, at all times	
宽		kuān		adj.		wide, broad	
窄		zhăi		adj.		narrow	
窄义		zhăiy		n.		narrow sense	
游行		yóuxìng		v.		to parade, to march		
除		ch		v. 		to get rid off, to eliminate	
国贼		guózéi		n.		traitor 	
抗		kàng		v. 		to resist, to fight	
强权		qiángquán	n.		power, might		
传单		chuándān	n.		leaflet 		
北洋		bĕiyáng		n.		Qing name for coastal provinces of 
						Liaoning, Hebei, and Shandong 
主权		zhŭquán		n.		sovereign rights, soverignty 		
无理		wúl		adj.		unreasonable, unjustifiable 	
广义		guăngy		n.		broad sense		
大体上		dàtĭshàng	adv.		generally	
陈独秀		Chén Dúxi	n.		(1879-1942) May Fourth leader; a 
						founder and first General Secretary 
						of CCP	
创办		chuàngbàn	v.		to establish, to set up		
礼教		lĭjiào		n.		Confucian ethical code	
声威		shēngwēi	n.		fame and influence		
继起		jìq		v.		to continue, to succeed	
历次		lìc?		n.		all previous occasions/events
群众		qúnzhòng	n.		the mass/People		
确定		quèdìng		v.		to define, to determine	
白话文          báihuàwén	n.		vernacular prose
推行            tuīxìng 	v.		to carry out, to practice
扎		zh		v.		to prick, to pierce 	
不可逆转	bùk?nìzhuăn	set phrase 	irreversible 		
思潮		sīcháo		n.		trends of thought, ideological trend	
规模		guīm		n.		scale, scope	
导源		d6aoyuán	v. o. 		to originate, to derive		
国民党		Guómìndăng	n.		Kuomintang (KMT), Nationalist party 
改组		găiz		v.o. 		to reorganize, to reshuffle 	
共产党		Gòngchăndăng	n.		Communist Party			
成立		chéngl		v.		to found, to establish	
新文化运动	Xīn wénhu? yùndòng n.		 New Culture Movement	
理性		lĭxìng		n.		reason, rationality 	
禁锢		jìn'g		v.		to confine, to imprison	
专制		zhuānzh		n.		autocracy		
蒙昧		méngmèi		adj.		ignorant, benighted		
自从		zìcóng		prep.		since 	
秦始皇		Qìngshĭhuáng	n.		First Emperor  of Qin (259-210 B.C.)				
统一		tŏngy		v.		to unify, to unite, to integrate	
核心		héxīn		n.		nucleus, core, kernel 	
衍生		yănshēng	v.		to derive		
先进		xiānjìn		adj.		advanced 	
潮流		cháoli		n.		tide, trend	
对立面		duìlìmiàn	n.		opposite, antithesis	
德先生		D? xiānsheng	n.		Mr. Democracy	
赛先生		Sài xiānsheng	n.		Mr. Science	
创刊号		chuàngkānhào	n.		first issue	
露		l		v.		to show, to reveal 	
端倪		duānn		n.		clue, inkling	
揭示		jiēsh		v.		to reveal 	
办刊		bànkān		v.o.		to publish journals/periodicals	
宗旨		zōngzh		n.		aim, purpose		
自主		zìzh		v.		to be one's own master	
奴隶		núl		n.		slave	
进步		jìnb		v., adj.	to progress; progressive 	
保守		băoshŏu		adj.		conservative		
进取 		jìnq		v.		to keep forging ahead	
退隐		tuìyĭn		v.o.		to retire from public life	
锁国		suŏgu		v.o.		to close the country	
想象		xiăngxiàng	v.		to imagine		
倾向		qīngxiàng	n.		tendency, trend		
正		zhèng		adj.		correct, orthodox	
脉		mài		n.		arteries and veins; pulse	
自由主义	zìyóu-zhŭy	n.		liberalism 	
个人主义	gèrén-zhŭy	n. 		individualism	
担		dān		v.		take on shoulder pole, take on	
干系		gānx		n.		responsibility	
祈求		qĭqi		v.		to supplicate	
护法		hùf		v.o.		to protect the constitutional law
蔡元培		Cài Yuánpéi	n.		May Fourth leader. President 
						of Peking University	
出任		chūrèn		v.		to take up the post of 	
校长		xiàozhăng	n.		principal, president		
兼容并包	jiāróng-bìngbāo	set phrase	to be tolerant, to be open-minded
策源地		cèyuánd		n.		place of origin 	
杰出		jiéch		adj.		outstanding, remarkable	
开山大师	kāishān-dàsh	noun phrase	founder of religious sect, ect. 		
扭曲		niŭq		v.		to distort	
阿Q		ā Q		n.		the main character of Lu Xun's short 
						story "The True Story of Ah-Q"  	
狂人日记	Kuángrén rìj	n.		"Madman's Diary", written in 1919 
						by Lu Xun, the first vernacular story 
						in Chinese history 
汗		hàn		n.		sweat	
代价		dàiji		n.		cost, price	
可观		kèguān		adj.		considerable, impressive 	
遗毒		yìd		n.		evil legacy	
根深蒂固	gēnshēn-dìg	set phrase	deep-rooted, inveterate 
全球化		quánqiúhu	n.		globalization	
浪潮		làngcháo	n.		tide, trend		
汹涌 		xiōngyŏng	adj.		tempestuous, turbulent
拍		pāi		v.		to tap, to clap	
岸		àn		n.		bank of river	
信念		xìnniàn		n.		faith, belief, conviction
当务之急	dāngw?zhīj	noun phrase	vital matter of immediate urgency 	
粹		cu	 	n.		essence, the best	


   

 

短文  |  词汇  |  句型  | 

Rutgers NB
Aisa Languages